The Family Courts are established in India with a view to amicably settle family disputes. Many social work organizations, women associations and individuals have urged from time to time for establishment of a forum where the stress would be on conciliation for peaceful settlement of family disputes.
The Law commission in its 59th report in 1974 also expressed a strong urge that certain courts concerning family disputes be established and the rules of procedure to be followed by such courts be much simpler and radically different from the rigid rules of procedure and evidence.
The objective of the act is to establish special family courts by state governments in every city or town with a population exceeding 1 million. One of the important aspect of the act is that it is a social and beneficent legislation.